Fontbonne University – February, 2011

The Mind of Peace Experiment
A small-scale Israeli-Palestinian public negotiating congress
February 22-4, 2011
Font Bonne University – St. Louis – U.S.ATrust Building Measures

We, the unofficial Israeli and Palestinian delegations, reached the following agreement as an opening move toward conclusive negotiations that intend to put an end to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict:

1. Type of Solution
The solution to the conflict is “two state solution” – an Israeli state side by side to an independent Palestinian state.
2. Education:
a. Incitement: each side will stop any form of incitement toward the other one.
b. Peace education: both sides will promote the language of peace, particularly to solve disputes by peaceful methods of negotiation, critical discussion and dialogue.
c. Culture of peace: the two sides will develop joint educational projects to promote the culture of peace and to get to know each other’s culture, mentality and history.
3. Freedom of Movement and Security:
a. Checkpoints:
– Israel will gradually remove checkpoints in the West Bank within agreed upon time frame.
– The intention is to remove all-checkpoints by the implementation of a conclusive peace pact.
– For the meantime, in each of the remaining Israeli check point there will be representatives of the Palestinian authority to guarantee that the Palestinians are treated with respect and their dignity is kept.
b. Security:
– The Palestinian authority will be responsible for the security and order in the evacuated areas.
– Israelis, from their side, will prevent any attack on Palestinians and Palestinians, from their side, will prevent any attack on Israelis.
c. Violent episode:
In a case of a violent episode:
– The Israeli and Palestinian security forces will conduct a joint investigation in the presence of international observers.
– The people who will be found responsible to the event will be brought to justice in their place (by Israeli or Palestinian authorities).
– The two sides will condemn the violent event.
4. Natural resources:
a. The two sides recognize that there should be an equal access to natural resources that are necessary for living.
b. In a case that Israel will desalinate water, Israel will supply water to the Palestinians to fulfill their needs.
c. The Palestinians will be allowed to desalinate water.
5. Settlements:
a. Israel will permanently stop building new settlements and expanding the existing ones in the West Bank, East Jerusalem, and Gaza.
b. Israel will permanently prevent immigration of Israelis to the existing settlements in the West Bank, East Jerusalem, and Gaza.
c. Israel will remove all settlements illegal by their own standards.

Conclusive Peace Pact
We the unofficial Palestinian and Israeli delegations decided to discuss and negotiate the following topics in order to reach an agreement that will put an end to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict:
1. Borders.
2. Jerusalem.
3. Refugees.
4. Prisoners.
We have reached the following agreements:
1. Borders:
a. In principle, the two delegations agree that the 1967 cease fire line should be the border between the two states.
b. Few Israeli settlements in the West Bank, which are built on Palestinian land and could not be dismantled without endangering the peace process and the stability in the region, will remain under Israeli sovereignty. In return, the Israelis will grant the Palestinians the same amount of land in quality and quantity.
– The exact details of the land swap will be determined by leaders and experts of both sides.
– The land swap will be kept to minimum.
– The continuity of the Palestinian land in the West Bank will be kept.
– The freedom of Palestinian movement within the West Bank will not be limited.
– The security of the Palestinians in the West Bank will be kept.
c. Israel will build for the Palestinians a safe passage between Gaza and the West Bank.

2. The Old City of Jerusalem:
a. The old city of Jerusalem will be administrated by a joint Israeli-Palestinian council.
b. The Old City of Jerusalem will be open to worshipers from all over the world.
c. Policing:
• The Israeli position: Israeli police will be in charge of keeping law and order in the Old City under Israeli sovereignty.
• The Palestinian position: Palestinian police under Palestinian sovereignty, or a joint Israeli-Palestinian police force, or an international force will in charge of keeping law and order in the city.

3. The two delegations did not have time to discuss the issues of refugees and prisoners. They wish to meet within six months to conclude the peace pact that will put an end to the conflict.